There are many types of cannabinoids, but they can be broadly divided into 12 types.
The following table summarizes the 12 types of cannabinoids, their characteristics and effects, and how they are used in medical treatments.
Types of Cannabinoids
How to incorporate it into treatment
Generally speaking, THC refers to this type. It is further divided into 18 subtypes. It is said to have strong psychological dependence.
It has strong psychoactive effects. It also increases appetite, relieves pain, suppresses nausea, and suppresses cramps.
Pain palliative care in a pain clinic.It is incorporated into the treatment of depression, panic disorders, and eating disorders.
It has no psychoactive effects or dependence. It is used as a legal ingredient in many countries.
Anti-anxiety, sleep-promoting, anti-inflammatory, immunity-enhancing, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, relaxing, etc.
In addition to being used for sleep disorders and depression, it has also been adopted as a preventive medicine in daily life to regulate the immune system and the independent nervous system.
Precursor to THC, CBD, and CBC. Often found in products that contain cannabinoids that have not been heat-treated or decarboxylated (e.g. Raw CBD).
Anti-inflammatory effects, inhibition of cancer tumors, bone growth, etc.
In recent years, GW Pharmaceuticals has been conducting research on the treatment of depression. It is also often used as an adjunctive drug for osteoporosis.
As the cannabis plant withers and oxidizes, the THC is converted and CBN emerges. It exerts a psychoactive effect, albeit slight.
Pain relief, anti-inflammatory, sleep inducing, promotes bone growth, etc.
May be used to relieve muscle pain, joint pain, and TMJ disorders.
It has a completely different structure than THC and CBD, and is still in the research stage.
Involvement in nerve regeneration, pain relief, and promotion of bone growth.
Neurodegenerative diseases and pain relief.
It has many similarities to THC, but CBG is not a precursor. It is found in some varieties of cannabis plants in Central Asia and Southern Africa’s
Suppresses appetite, reduces the number of cramps, etc.
In particular, it has been noted for its appetite suppression, and is used to improve bulimia and obesity.
Contained in many wild cannabis species found in Nepal.
Epilepsy treatment, etc.
A by-product of the decarboxylation of CBC.
By-product of CBD.
A byproduct of CBD, formed when CBDA or CBD is decarboxylated. CBD can also be metabolized by the human body to form CBE.
A component of the cannabis plant found in Japan and Jamaica.
We have learned that there are many different varieties of cannabidiol, and that they have different characteristics and effects. Even those whose effects are currently unknown are likely to be discovered as new therapeutic agents through further research, and they are likely to be ingredients that will continue to attract attention.