Reactive oxygen species and free radicals are often confused, but there is actually a fundamental difference between them. Let’s take a closer look at the differences between them and their effects on the body.
The Difference between Reactive Oxygen Species and Free Radicals
The difference between reactive oxygen species and free radicals lies in their electrons. Basically, the molecules that make up a substance are made up of a combination of atoms consisting of a nucleus and electrons. In general, molecules have two sets of electrons and are in a stable state.
…Reactive oxygen species is a general term for compounds that are activated by oxygen taken into the body and are stable. When they bind to fats, they produce harmful peroxides (oxidized fats).
Free radicals are compounds with unpaired electrons (i.e., unstable, unpaired electrons). They produce harmful substances in the body.
The effects of reactive oxygen species and free radicals on the body
Although there is a difference between reactive oxygen species and free radicals when viewed as compounds, their effects on the body are very similar, and most of them have harmful effects.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free radicals cause oxidation in the body, causing cells to become rusty and leading to a variety of diseases and problems.
The reasons for the formation of reactive oxygen species and free radicals
Part of the oxygen we take in through breathing and eating is converted into reactive oxygen species and free radicals. Some of the oxygen that we take in through breathing and eating is converted into reactive oxygen species and free radicals, which are produced in excess for the following reasons
Excessive alcohol consumption
Irregular lifestyle and eating habits
How to inhibit the production of active oxygen and free radicals
By increasing antioxidant activity, the production and activity of active oxygen and free radicals are suppressed. It is recommended to consciously consume more antioxidant supplements because the function to generate antioxidant effects declines due to stress, fatigue, and aging.
In addition, regulating the independent nervous system and immune system can also alleviate the negative effects from active oxygen and free radicals.